Enterprise Risk Management at BNP Paribas

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Case Details:

Case Code : ERMT-021
Case Length : 15 Pages
Period : 2003
Pub Date : 2003
Teaching Note :Not Available
Organization : BNP Paribas
Industry : Banking
Countries : Global

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This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion. It is not intended to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. Nor is it a primary information source.

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The 1998 merger between BNP, the largest bank in France and Paribas, a major investment and finance bank, gave rise to BNP Paribas (BNP) one of the largest banks in Europe. BNP operated some 2,200 retail branches in France and had operations in more than 85 other countries. The company provided corporate, retail, and investment banking services. Other activities included specialized financing, private banking, asset management, and insurance. In 2002, BNP Paribas had a total assets of € 710319 millions and a net income of € 3295 millions.

BNP had global ambitions. During 2001, it forged links with several foreign banks to form GSPS LLC, to offer global Visa card solutions.

To strengthen its presence in the US, BNP had acquired United California Bank (UCB). It also owned BancWest, the parent of Bank of the West and First Hawaiian Bank. BNP also controlled consumer lender Cetelem and Belgian investment firm Cobepa. BNP bought German online discount brokerage ConSors from SchmidtBank and merged the new addition with existing online unit Cortal to form CortalConSors.

It was growing its asset-financing business, through acquisitions such as US-based Capstar Partners. In China, BNP had won permission to start a joint venture with Wuhan-based Changjiang Securities.

But BNP had been pulling back from a three-decade-old joint venture with Germany's Dresdner Bank (now owned by German insurance giant Allianz) citing differences in strategies. The company had bought more than 10% of Crédit Lyonnais from the French government and purchased more than 5% on the open market soon after, leading to rumors that BNP Paribas might acquire its rival. But BNP had finally lost out to be Crédit Agricole.

Background Note

BNP Paribas Group's predecessor Banque Nationale de Paris (BNP) was the progeny of two state banks set up to jump-start the economy after a revolution in 1848. Comptoir National d'Escompte de Paris (CNEP) moved back and forth between private and public status, depending on government whim.

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