The Bhopal Gas Tragedy

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Please note:

This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion. It is not intended to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. Nor is it a primary information source.

Case Details:


Case Code : BECG009 For delivery in electronic format: Rs. 500;
For delivery through courier (within India): Rs. 500 + Rs. 25 for Shipping & Handling Charges


Ethics in Business
Case Length : 09 Pages
Period : 1980-2001
Pub. Date : 2002
Teaching Note : Available
Organization : Union Carbide India Limited
Industry : Chemicals
Countries : India


The case gives an overview of the Bhopal gas tragedy. On December 3, 1984, poisonous gas leaked from Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL's) pesticide plant in Bhopal, which killed thousands of people. The case brings out the ethical issues involved in the disaster.

It discusses in detail the reasons behind the disaster. The case discusses the role played by Union Carbide Corporation after the disaster, which seemed to be unethical. It also talks about the role of the GOI and Madhya Pradesh government in the disaster. The case is intended for MBA/PGDBM level students as a part of the Business Ethics Curriculum.

From the case, students are expected to understand the ethical issues involved in the Bhopal gas tragedy and the role played by the governments in the disaster. With the help of the Theory of Image Restoration, students are expected to understand how Union Carbide responded to the situation. They should also analyze how Union Carbide should have responded to the Bhopal gas tragedy.


Bhopal Gas Tragedy.
Reaction of the UCIL.
Role of government in granting permission.
Failure of safety measures.
Delay in Justice.


  Page No.
Introduction 1
The Journey from Virginia to Bhopal 2
All's Not Well with the Bhopal Plant 4
The Tragedy 4
Union Carbide Takes the Offensive 6
The Settlement 6
Exhibits 7


Bhopal gas tragedy, December 3, 1984, poisonous gas, Union Carbide India Limited, UCIL, pesticide plant, Bhopal, ethical, GOI, Madhya Pradesh, Business Ethics

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