The European Union and Immigration from New Member Countries

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Please note:

This case study was compiled from published sources, and is intended to be used as a basis for class discussion. It is not intended to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a management situation. Nor is it a primary information source.

Case Details:


Case Code : ECON017 For delivery in electronic format: Rs. 400;
For delivery through courier (within India): Rs. 400 + Rs. 25 for Shipping & Handling Charges


Case Length : 20 Pages
Period : 1945-2005
Pub Date : 2006
Teaching Note : Not Available
Organization : -
Industry : -
Countries : EU countries


The case focuses on the issue of immigration from the new member states who joined the EU in 2004 into the older member states of the European Union. It traces the process of European integration from the period after the Second World War, and the formation of the European Union and its subsequent expansions.

The case further discusses the different approaches adopted by the older member states of the EU to deal with the expected flood of job seekers from the newly independent states from Central and Eastern Europe, which joined the EU after the disintegration of the Soviet Union.

While Ireland, the United Kingdom and Sweden were fairly open to immigrants from these countries, the other EU members imposed many restrictions on the movement of workers from the new member states. The case then compares the impact of immigration on the three EU member states that chose to allow immigrants in, with the countries which followed a more restrictive approach. It ends by examining the issue of the expected eventual decrease in the EU's population in the coming years/decades and the need for these countries to supplement their indigenous labor markets with immigrants.


Understand why people migrate from one place to another

Gain insights into the origin, growth and development of the European integration process

Understand the economic and cultural imperatives that encouraged people from the new member states of the EU to emigrate

Understand the reasons whey some of the older EU countries were reluctant to allow in migrants, while a few others were more welcoming

Understand the impact of factors like high unemployment, welfare benefits, high wage rates and other national, ethnic and cultural factors on the free movement of labor in the European Union

Recognize the interplay between an ageing workforce and population, declining fertility rates, unfilled gaps in the EU's labor market, economic stagnation as well as the role of domestic electoral politics in the development of attitudes and policies towards immigration


  Page No.
Introduction 1
Background 2
The European Community (EC) 2
The Collapse of the Socialist Bloc and the Copenhagen Criteria 3
The Demographic and Economic Profile of the EU 5
Immigration in Post Enlargement EU 7
Outlook 9
Exhibits 10


Immigration within EU, EU enlargement, EU labor markets, Movement of labor, European community, Copenhagen criteria, Immigration curbs in EU

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