Business Case Studies, Strategy Case Study, Mergers, Acquisitions, Alliances and Synergies

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Mergers, Acquisitions, Alliances and Synergies Case Study

Case Title:

UniCredit's Takeover of HVB Group, Europe's Biggest Cross-Border Takeover : The Synergies

Publication Year : 2005

Authors: Krishna Chaitanya V, T. Phani Madhav

Industry: Banking

Region: Europe

Case Code: MAA0051

Teaching Note: Not Available

Structured Assignment: Not Available


Italy's largest bank, UniCredito Italiano SpA, popularly known as UniCredit, announced the takeover of HVB (Bayerische Hypo-und Vereinsbank AG), the second biggest bank in Germany, in June 2005. The takeover is valued at 15.4 billion euros (approximately US$18.7 billion), making it the largest cross-border bank deal in European banking industry. The merged entity will be the fourth largest bank in the European Union and eighth largest in the European continent. With this takeover, UniCredit aims to expand its operations in central and eastern Europe, while HVB Group is looking at ways to regain profits and consolidate its business operations in Germany and in other parts of Europe. However, many experts and banking industry analysts are sceptical about the survival of this takeover as consolidations and cross-border deals in the banking industry in Europe were unsuccessful. Added to this, HVB Group has accumulated losses worth 1,992 million euros as of March 1 st 2004, leaving UniCredit with the challenge to turnaround HVB Group.

Pedagogical Objectives:

  • To discuss whether the takeover will survive in the light of various unsuccessful consolidations and cross–border deals in the European banking industry.

Keywords : UniCredit Group; HVB Group; Takeover, acquisition; Synergies; Competition; German banking industry; Italian banking industry; Consolidation

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Case Study :
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Structured Assignment:
   INR 150 = USD ($)

Teaching Note :
   INR 400 = USD ($)


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